EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Circulation

Ranolazine decreases mechanosensitivity of the voltage-gated sodium ion channel Na(v)1.5: a novel mechanism of drug action.


PMID 22565935

Abstract

Na(V)1.5 is a mechanosensitive voltage-gated sodium-selective ion channel responsible for the depolarizing current and maintenance of the action potential plateau in the heart. Ranolazine is a Na(V)1.5 antagonist with antianginal and antiarrhythmic properties. Mechanosensitivity of Na(V)1.5 was tested in voltage-clamped whole cells and cell-attached patches by bath flow and patch pressure, respectively. In whole cells, bath flow increased peak inward current in both murine ventricular cardiac myocytes (24±8%) and human embryonic kidney 293 cells heterologously expressing Na(V)1.5 (18±3%). The flow-induced increases in peak current were blocked by ranolazine. In cell-attached patches from cardiac myocytes and Na(V)1.5-expressing human embryonic kidney 293 cells, negative pressure increased Na(V) peak currents by 27±18% and 18±4% and hyperpolarized voltage dependence of activation by -11 mV and -10 mV, respectively. In human embryonic kidney 293 cells, negative pressure also increased the window current (250%) and increased late open channel events (250%). Ranolazine decreased pressure-induced shift in the voltage dependence (IC(50) 54 μmol/L) and eliminated the pressure-induced increases in window current and late current event numbers. Block of Na(V)1.5 mechanosensitivity by ranolazine was not due to the known binding site on DIVS6 (F1760). The effect of ranolazine on mechanosensitivity of Na(V)1.5 was approximated by lidocaine. However, ionized ranolazine and charged lidocaine analog (QX-314) failed to block mechanosensitivity. Ranolazine effectively inhibits mechanosensitivity of Na(V)1.5. The block of Na(V)1.5 mechanosensitivity by ranolazine does not utilize the established binding site and may require bilayer partitioning. Ranolazine block of Na(V)1.5 mechanosensitivity may be relevant in disorders of mechanoelectric dysfunction.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

L5783
Lidocaine N-ethyl bromide, analytical standard, for drug analysis
C16H27BrN2O