EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Cancer science

Nonclonal growth of preneoplastic cells positive for glutathione S-transferase P-form in the rat liver.


PMID 22568518

Abstract

We investigated the process of induction of preneoplastic cells positive for glutathione S-transferase P-form (GST-P) in the rat liver. AAF (2-Acetylaminofluorene) mixed with normal rat chow at high concentration (0.04%) induced 517 000 ± 86,000 GST-P(+) single hepatocytes/g liver after 2 weeks followed by induction of a few foci and nodules after 4-6 weeks. Overproduction of GST-P(+) single hepatocytes was dose- and time-dependent, and the induction kinetics were typical of first-order consecutive reaction, by which induction of the positive cells was nongenetic. Quantitative analysis indicated that the estimated numbers of cells in foci and nodules at 4-6 weeks after exposure to AAF ranged from 2.7 × 10(4) (2(14.7)) to 3.6 × 10(6) (2(21.7)) cells, and 2.0 × 10(4) (2(14.3)) to 2.7 × 10(6) (2(21.4)) cells, respectively, when analyzed by using two equations. According to the initiated cell theory of Farber, foci and nodules are formed through sequential cell division of 14 to 21-times or more within a short time period. The rapid growth exceeded the rate of cell division, indicating that the growth of preneoplastic cells is based on a nonclonal penetration mechanism.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

A7015
N-(2-Fluorenyl)acetamide, ≥98% (HPLC)
C15H13NO