Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift fur alle Gebiete der operativen Medizen

[German adrenocortical carcinoma registry. Surgical therapy results and follow-up treatment].

PMID 22585346


Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a highly aggressive endocrine disease with an incidence of 1-2 cases per million population per year. Due to the low incidence of ACC knowledge concerning the surgical management is mainly based on retrospective studies or recommendations of isolated experts. Cancer databases, such as the German ACC registry are prerequisite to collect and evaluate clinical data from a large number of patients. For non-metastatic tumor stages, complete tumor resection is the only treatment with curative intent. Open surgery remains the recommended approach for ACC. However, in small tumors with uncertain malignancy a laparoscopic resection by an expert surgeon can be considered. A loco-regional lymphadenectomy should be part of the primary surgical treatment of ACC. Tumor recurrence is common even after an apparently complete primary resection. Therefore, based on the individual risk (tumor size, resection status, proliferation index) adjuvant mitotane treatment is recommended in most patients. Patients with low-risk should be included in the ADIUVO trial. In case of tumor relapse indications for a reoperation should be strongly considered, especially when the time interval since the primary surgery is long (> 12 months) and a complete resection of the recurrent disease seems to be feasible.