EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Journal of microbiological methods

A blue native polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic technology to probe the functional proteomics mediating nitrogen homeostasis in Pseudomonas fluorescens.


PMID 22595184

Abstract

As glutamate and ammonia play a pivotal role in nitrogen homeostasis, their production is mediated by various enzymes that are widespread in living organisms. Here, we report on an effective electrophoretic method to monitor these enzymes. The in gel activity visualization is based on the interaction of the products, glutamate and ammonia, with glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH, EC: 1.4.1.2) in the presence of either phenazine methosulfate (PMS) or 2,6-dichloroindophenol (DCIP) and iodonitrotetrazolium (INT). The intensity of the activity bands was dependent on the amount of proteins loaded, the incubation time and the concentration of the respective substrates. The following enzymes were readily identified: glutaminase (EC: 3.5.1.2), alanine transaminase (EC: 2.6.1.2), aspartate transaminase (EC: 2.6.1.1), glycine transaminase (EC: 2.6.1.4), ornithine oxoacid aminotransferase (EC: 2.6.1.13), and carbamoyl phosphate synthase I (EC: 6.3.4.16). The specificity of the activity band was confirmed by high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) following incubation of the excised band with the corresponding substrates. These bands are amenable to further molecular characterization by a variety of analytical methods. This electrophoretic technology provides a powerful tool to screen these enzymes that contribute to nitrogen homeostasis in Pseudomonas fluorescens and possibly in other microbial systems.