Acta biochimica et biophysica Sinica

Ellagic acid facilitates indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer healing via COX-2 up-regulation.

PMID 22626975


The mechanism of indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer healing by ellagic acid (EA) in experimental mice model is described in our study. Ulcer index (UI) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity of the stomach tissues showed maximum ulceration on the third day after indomethacin (18 mg/kg, single dose) administration. Preliminary observation of UI and MPO activity suggests that EA possesses ulcer-healing activity. Other anti-ulcer parameters such as the levels of prostaglandin E(2), cyclooxygenase (COX) 1 and 2 enzymes, anti-inflammatory cytokines [interleukin (IL)-4 and -5], pro-angiogenic factors, e.g. vascular endothelial growth factor, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and endothelial growth factor (EGF) were down-regulated by indomethacin. EA (7 mg/kg/day) treatment for 3 days shifted the indomethacin-induced pro-inflammatory biochemical parameters to the healing side. These activities were correlated with the ability of EA to alter the COX-2-dependent healing pathways. The ulcer-healing activity of EA was, however, compromised by pre-administration of the specific COX-2 inhibitor, celecoxib, and NS-398. Taken together, these results suggested that the EA treatment accelerates ulcer healing by inducing IL-4, EGF/HGF levels and enhances COX-2 expression.