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Clinical neurology and neurosurgery

Local intraarterial tirofiban after formation of anterograde flow in patients with acute ischemic stroke: preliminary experience and short term follow-up results.


PMID 22633401

Abstract

Despite the risk of intracranial hemorrhage, combination therapy with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator and intraarterial mechanical thrombolysis can be effective for treatment of acute ischemic stroke. We investigated the feasibility and safety of intraarterial tirofiban following formation of anterograde flow after mechanical thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke. We analyzed data from consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke, who underwent treatment with intraarterial thrombolysis. All patients were evaluated immediately and 7 days later by computed tomography scanning and magnetic resonance imaging scanning with magnetic resonance angiography. For clinical outcome analysis, we followed up the NIHSS score and modified Rankin Scale score during a period of 3 months. Sixteen patients underwent treatment. The mean baseline NIHSS score was 16.1 ± 4.4 points. 75.1% of patients showed angiographic improvement; 43.8% and 31.3% had complete and partial recanalization, respectively. 53.3% and 56.3% showed clinical improvement and favorable outcome at 24 h and 3 months, respectively. One patient had symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage. Our results suggest that administration of local intraarterial tirofiban after anterograde flow formation is a viable treatment strategy for patients of acute ischemic stroke for reducing the risk of reocclusion after intraarterial thrombolysis.