Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association

Endocrine-mediated effects of two benzene related compounds, 1-chloro-4-(chloromethyl)benzene and 1,3-diethyl benzene, based on subacute oral toxicity studies using rats.

PMID 22643015


The purpose of this study was to investigate the endocrine-mediated effects of the benzene-related compounds with reference to Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Test Guideline No. 407. Rats were orally gavaged with 0, 10, 50, and 250 mg/kg/day of 1-chloro-4-(chloromethyl)benzene, and 0, 25, 150, and 1000 mg/kg/day of 1,3-diethyl benzene for at least 28 days, beginning at 8 weeks of age. Thyroid dysfunction was observed in rats given the 1,3-diethyl benzene. Serum T4 values increased in all groups of male rats and in the 1000 mg/kg group of female rats, and TSH values also increased in the 1000 mg/kg groups of both sexes after 28 days' administration. Decreased T3 values were observed in the 1000 mg/kg group of female rats after 28 days' administration, and hormone values increased in the 1000 mg/kg groups of both sexes after the 14-day recovery period. In addition, thyroid weight increased in the 1000 mg/kg groups and thyroid follicular cell hyperplasia was detected in one male rat from the 1000 mg/kg group after 28 days' administration. Endocrine-mediated effects, including thyroid dysfunction were not observed in any groups of rats treated with 1-chloro-4-(chloromethyl)benzene. Our results indicated that endocrine-mediated effects such as thyroid dysfunction were associated with some benzene-related compounds.

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1,3-Diethylbenzene, ≥98.0% (GC)