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Applied biochemistry and biotechnology

Amperometric vitamin C biosensor based on the immobilization of ascorbate oxidase into the biocompatible sandwich-type composite film.


PMID 22644641

Abstract

Ascorbate oxidase (AO), a biologically active macromolecule, was successfully immobilized into a biocompatible sandwich-type composite film for developing the vitamin C (VC) biosensor, and the content of VC in commercial juices was amperometrically determined. The biocompatible and conducting poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) composite film and highly stable and selective multiwalled carbon nanotubes -Nafion composite film were prepared as inner and outer films of biosensor. AO molecules were immobilized between these two composite films. The as-fabricated biosensor displayed an excellent bioelectrocatalytic performance towards the oxidation of VC, a fast current response, a low working potential, a high sensitivity, a wide linear range, and a low detection limit. Moreover, the working mechanism of the biosensor was proposed, and its kinetics was also discussed. In addition, the specificity, reproducibility, and feasibility of the as-fabricated biosensor were also evaluated. Good results of the VC determination in commercial juices indicated that the as-fabricated biosensor was a potential candidate for the electrochemical determination of VC in agricultural crops. Inner and outer films provided a promising platform for the immobilization of biologically active species.

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