Journal of molecular histology

Localization of αvβ3-like integrin in cultivated larval cells of the mussel Mytilus trossulus during neuronal and muscle differentiation.

PMID 22673772


Using immunofluorescence phenotyping, the expression of αvβ3-like integrin was examined during neuronal and muscle differentiation in cell cultures derived from trochophore larvae of the mussel Mytilus trossulus. We have demonstrated that some mussel cells grown on fibronectin in vitro express the extracellular matrix (ECM) αvβ3 integrin-like receptor. At the same time, the distribution of αvβ3-like integrin is not ubiquitous, i.e. it depends on the cell type and the time of cultivation. Using immunohistochemical staining, we have found that only in some cells this integrin is co-localized with molluscan neuronal markers, neurotransmitters serotonin (5-HT) or Phe-Met-Arg-Phe-NH(2) neuropeptide (FMRFamide), and also with filament actin but not with paramyosin. Although we have previously shown that an integrin-dependent mechanism is involved in cell adhesion and differentiation of muscle cells of Mytilus, in this study, αvβ3-like integrin has not been found to participate in fibronectin adhesion of muscle cells but may be a linking agent between the ECM and the neuron-like cells.