American journal of physiology. Renal physiology

Nebivolol-induced vasodilation of renal afferent arterioles involves β3-adrenergic receptor and nitric oxide synthase activation.

PMID 22674024


Nebivolol is a β(1)-adrenergic blocker that also elicits renal vasodilation and increases the glomerular filtration rate (GFR). However, its direct actions on the renal microvasculature and vasodilator mechanism have not been established. We used the in vitro blood-perfused juxtamedullary nephron technique to determine the vasodilator effects of nebivolol and to test the hypothesis that nebivolol induces vasodilation of renal afferent arterioles via an nitric oxide synthase (NOS)/nitric oxide (NO)/soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC)/cGMP pathway and the afferent arteriolar vasodilation effect may be mediated through the release of NO by activation of NOS via a β(3)-adrenoceptor-dependent mechanism. Juxtamedullary nephrons were superfused with nebivolol either alone or combined with the sGC inhibitor 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ) or the NOS inhibitor N(ω)-nitro-l-arginine (l-NNA) or the β-blockers metoprolol (β(1)), butoxamine (β(2)), and SR59230A (β(3)). Nebivolol (100 μmol/l) markedly increased afferent and efferent arteriolar diameters by 18.9 ± 3.0 and 15.8 ± 1.8%. Pretreatment with l-NNA (1,000 μmol/l) or ODQ (10 μmol/l) decreased afferent vasodilator diameters and prevented the vasodilator effects of nebivolol (2.0 ± 0.2 and 2.4 ± 0.6%). Metoprolol did not elicit significant changes in afferent vasodilator diameters and did not prevent the effects of nebivolol to vasodilate afferent arterioles. However, treatment with SR59230A, but not butoxamine, markedly attenuated the vasodilation responses to nebivolol. Using a monoclonal antibody to β(3)-receptors revealed predominant immunostaining on vascular and glomerular endothelial cells. These data indicate that nebivolol vasodilates both afferent and efferent arterioles and that the afferent vasodilator effect is via a mechanism that is independent of β(1)-receptors but is predominantly mediated via a NOS/NO/sGC/cGMP-dependent mechanisms initiated by activation of endothelial β(3)-receptors.

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Nω-Nitro-L-arginine, ≥98% (TLC)