Comparison of the effects of four α1-adrenoceptor antagonists on ejaculatory function in rats.

PMID 22676952


To compare the effects of four α(1)-adrenoceptor (AR) subtype-selective antagonists on ejaculatory function in rats to investigate whether the differences in their modes of action-based on their selectivities for the α(1A)-AR subtype-would be related to the prevalence of ejaculation disorder (EjD). The effects of α(1)-AR antagonists on noradrenaline-induced contractions were studied in rat isolated seminal vesicles, vas deferens, bladder trigone, and prostate. Male rats were given α(1)-AR antagonists orally and, 1 hour after the drug administration they were cohoused in pairs for 1 hour with untreated female rats certified to be in estrus. The number of copulatory plugs (NP) present after mating was measured as a marker of EjD. Drug effects on ejaculatory function (ie, on NP) were compared with those on the prostatic urethra (ie, phenylephrine-induced increase in intraurethral pressure [IUP]). All α(1)-AR antagonists concentration-dependently inhibited noradrenaline-induced contraction in all 4 tissues, and there were no differences in the rank order of potencies (tamsulosin > silodosin > alfuzosin > naftopidil) among the tissues. All α(1)-AR antagonists dose-dependently decreased NP and inhibited the phenylephrine-induced increase in IUP. There was little difference in the dose ratio ID(50) value (dose required to produce 50% inhibition) for NP/ID(50) value for IUP response among the four drugs. Drug potencies associated NP and IUP correlated closely with affinities for the human α(1A)-AR. α(1)-AR antagonists cause EjD as a class effect that depends on affinity for α(1A)-AR. Differences in α(1A)-AR selectivity would be unlikely to be related to the incidence of EjD.

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Naftopidil hydrochloride hydrate, solid
C24H28N2O3 · xHCl · yH2O