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Journal of hazardous materials

Synthesis and surfactant modification of clinoptilolite and montmorillonite for the removal of nitrate and preparation of slow release nitrogen fertilizer.


PMID 22683109

Abstract

This article introduces the synthesis of clinoptilolite and montmorillonite, and their surfactant modification by using solutions of hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CH(3)(CH(2))(15)N(Br)(CH(3))(3), HDTMAB) and dioctadecyldimethylammonium bromide ((CH(3)(CH(2))(17))(2)N(Br)(CH(3))(2), DODMAB). The feasibility of using surfactant modified silicates (SMSs) as a potential adsorbent for nitrate and for slow release of nutrient has been investigated. Adsorption isotherms of NO(3)(-) on SMSs have been measured at aqueous concentration of 160-280 mg L(-1). The SMSs show much higher adsorption capacity than the unmodified materials as determined by Langmuir adsorption isotherm. The surfactant modification and increased surfactant loading concentration enhance the nitrate anion retaining capacity of silicates (montmorillonite (16.05 mg g(-1))