Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)

A preliminary study of fluvoxamine maleate on depressive state and serum melatonin levels in patients after cerebral infarction.

PMID 22687788


Antidepressants have been recommended for the treatment of post-stroke depression (PSD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of fluvoxamine maleate, a selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor (SSRI), on depressive state, sleep disturbance, and serum melatonin levels in patients with depressive state after cerebral infarction. Nineteen patients who were hospitalized for cerebral infarction and scored 40 points or higher on the Self Depression Scale (SDS) were enrolled in this study. Nine of the 19 patients received fluvoxamine as a treatment group and the other 10 patients were used as untreated controls. Before and after commencing the drug therapy, the patients were assessed by the SDS, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Japan Stroke Scale for Depression (JSSD), and Japan Stroke Scale for Emotional Disturbance (JSSE), and their serum melatonin levels were measured. The control group underwent the same evaluations as the treatment group. The SDS score improved in the treatment group at 1 week after the start of drug treatment, and in the control group at 1 and 2 weeks into the observation period. In the treatment group, the JSSD and PSQI scores improved and serum melatonin levels increased. The administration of fluvoxamine to patients with depressive state after cerebral infarction alleviated both the depressive state and sleep disturbances. Increased melatonin levels by the administration of fluvoxamine may contribute to improvement in sleep disturbance, one of the major symptoms of depression.

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Fluvoxamine for system suitability, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard
C15H21F3N2O2 · C4H4O4
Fluvoxamine maleate, solid
C15H21F3N2O2 · C4H4O4