Journal of microencapsulation

Exploring a new jellyfish collagen in the production of microparticles for protein delivery.

PMID 22732101


A microparticulate protein delivery system was developed using collagen, from the medusa Catostylus tagi, as a polymeric matrix. Collagen microparticles (CMPs) were produced by an emulsification-gelation-solvent extraction method and a high loading efficiency was found for the entrapment of lysozyme and α-lactalbumin. CMPs were cross-linked with 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC). The uncross-linked CMPs were spherical, rough-surfaced, presenting an estimated median size of 28 µm by laser diffraction. Upon cross-linking, particle size (9.5 µm) and size distribution were reduced. CMPs showed a moderate hydrophobic behaviour and a positive surface charge. Cross-linking also resulted in greater stability in water, allowing a slow release, as shown by in vitro experiments. The assessment of lysozyme's biological activity showed that the protein remained active throughout the encapsulation and cross-linking processes. In summary, the work herein described shows the potential use of a marine collagen in the production of microparticles for the controlled release of therapeutic proteins.