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Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.)

The conserved C terminus of Claspin interacts with Rad9 and promotes rapid activation of Chk1.


PMID 22732499

Abstract

Claspin is a key mediator of the ATR-Chk1 checkpoint pathway. In response to DNA damage, Claspin interacts with Rad17 and Chk1 in a phosphorylation-dependent manner, enabling ATR to phosphorylate Chk1 efficiently. Claspin also interacts with Rad9, but how they interact and whether the interaction is functional remains unknown. Unexpectedly, our analysis of two splicing isoforms of Claspin provided an answer to these questions. The Claspin(1339) isoform contains an evolutionarily conserved C terminus, but the Claspin(1332) isoform does not. Although the transcripts encoding both Claspin isoforms coexist in HCT116 cells, Claspin(1339) is the predominant form responsible for Chk1 activation. When expressed in cells depleted of endogenous Claspin, both Claspin(1339) and Claspin(1332) are able to mediate Chk1 activation. However, the activation of Chk1 is delayed in Claspin(1332)-expressing cells compared with Claspin(1339)-expressing cells. Furthermore, only Claspin(1339) but not Claspin(1332) interacts with Rad9 efficiently. Together, these results suggest that the conserved C terminus of Claspin interacts with Rad9 and ensures timely activation of the ATR-Chk1 pathway.