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Eye (London, England)

Predictors of outcome in fungal keratitis.


PMID 22744392

Abstract

To analyse predictors of clinical outcome in fungal keratitis. Data was collected during a prospective, randomized, controlled, double-masked clinical trial of treatment for fungal keratitis. Clinical features at presentation and demographics were collected at the enrollment visit for all patients. Pre-specified clinical outcomes included 3-month visual acuity and infiltrate/scar size, time to re-epithelialization, and corneal perforation. A separate multivariable model with each outcome as the dependent variable included all predictor variables. Predictors for worse 3-month visual acuity include older age (P=0.024), worse presentation visual acuity (P<0.001), larger infiltrate size at presentation (P<0.001), and pigmented ulcer (P=0.030). Larger infiltrate size at presentation was a significant predictor of worse 3-month infiltrate/scar size (P<0.001). Larger epithelial defect size was a significant predictor of perforation (P=0.0013). Predictors of longer time to re-epithelialization include infiltrate size at presentation (P<0.001) and older age (P=0.025). Ulcer severity at presentation is highly predictive of worse outcomes. Presentation of clinical characteristics such as baseline acuity and infiltrate scar can provide important information to clinicians about prognosis, and may help guide management and treatment decisions. Prevention of corneal ulcer remains important, as it is difficult to change the course of the ulcer once it has begun.