Spectroscopic investigation into oxidative degradation of silica-supported amine sorbents for CO(2) capture.

PMID 22744858


Oxidative degradation characteristics of silica-supported amine sorbents with varying amounts of tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA) and polyethylene glycol (PEG; P(200) or P(600) represents PEG with molecular weights of 200 or 600) have been studied by IR and NMR spectroscopy. Thermal treatment of the sorbents and liquid TEPA at 100 °C for 12 h changed their color from white to yellow. The CO(2) capture capacity of the TEPA/SiO(2) sorbents (i.e., SiO(2)-supported TEPA with a TEPA/SiO(2) ratio of 25:75) decreased by more than 60 %. IR and NMR spectroscopy studies showed that the yellow color of the degraded sorbents resulted from the formation of imide species. The imide species, consisting of NH associated with two C=O functional groups, were produced from the oxidation of methylene groups in TEPA. Imide species on the degraded sorbent are not capable of binding CO(2) due to its weak basicity. The addition of P(200) and P(600) to the supported amine sorbents improved both their CO(2) capture capacities and oxidative degradation resistance. IR spectroscopy results also showed that TEPA was immobilized on the SiO(2) surface through hydrogen bonding between amine groups and the silanol groups of SiO(2). The OH groups of PEG interact with NH(2) /NH of TEPA through hydrogen bonding. Hydrogen bonds disperse TEPA on SiO(2) and block O(2) from accessing TEPA for oxidation. Oxidative degradation resistance and CO(2) capture capacity of the supported amine sorbents can be optimized through adjusting the ratio of hydroxyl to amine groups in the TEPA/PEG mixture.

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Tetraethylenepentamine, technical grade