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Cellular signalling

G-protein coupled receptor agonists mediate Neu1 sialidase and matrix metalloproteinase-9 cross-talk to induce transactivation of TOLL-like receptors and cellular signaling.


PMID 22759791

Abstract

The mechanism(s) behind GPCR transactivation of TLR receptors independent of TLR ligands is unknown. Here, GPCR agonists bombesin, bradykinin, lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), cholesterol, angiotensin-1 and -2, but not thrombin induce Neu1 activity in live macrophage cell lines and primary bone marrow macrophage cells from wild-type (WT) mice but not from Neu1-deficient mice. Using immunocytochemistry and NFκB-dependent secretory alkaline phosphatase (SEAP) analyses, bombesin induced NFκB activation in BMC-2 and RAW-blue macrophage cells, which was inhibited by MyD88 homodimerization inhibitor, Tamiflu, galardin, piperazine and anti-MMP-9 antibody. Bombesin receptor, neuromedin B (NMBR), forms a complex with TLR4 and MMP9. Silencing MMP9 mRNA using siRNA transfection of RAW-blue macrophage cells markedly reduced Neu1 activity associated with bombesin-, bradykinin- and LPA-treated cells to the untreated controls. These findings uncover a molecular organizational GPCR signaling platform to potentiate Neu1 and MMP-9 cross-talk on the cell surface that is essential for the transactivation of TLR receptors and subsequent cellular signaling.

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N3762
Neuromedin B, ≥90% (HPLC)
C52H73N15O12S