European journal of pharmacology

Pro-apoptotic effect of epigallo-catechin-3-gallate on B lymphocytes through regulating BAFF/PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling in rats with collagen-induced arthritis.

PMID 22760071


To investigate the role of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling mediated by B cell-activating factor belonging to the TNF family (BAFF) involved in anti-apoptosis of B lymphocytes in rats with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) and the regulation of epigallo-catechin-3-gallate (EGCG). Sprague-Dawley rats were immunized to induce CIA. CIA rats were randomly separated into different groups and treated with EGCG (40, 80 mg/kg), Paeoniflorin (100mg/kg) from day 18 to day 38 after immunization. The effects of EGCG on B lymphocytes were evaluated by the levels of BAFF, anti-CII antibody, IgA, IgG and IgM, and the expressions of BAFF receptor, P110δ, p-Akt, mTORC1, Bcl-xL and Bim. B lymphocyte proliferations were analyzed by MTT assay. Apoptosis of B lymphocyte were assayed by flow cytometry. Results showed that, in CIA rats, the levels of BAFF, anti-CII antibody, IgA, IgG and IgM enhanced. BAFF receptor, P110δ, p-AKT, mTORC1 and Bcl-xL were expressed highly, while Bim expression decreased. EGCG (40, 80 mg/kg) and Paeoniflorin decreased the levels of BAFF, anti-CII antibody, IgA, IgG, IgM and the expressions of BAFF receptor, P110δ, p-AKT, mTORC1, Bcl-xL in CIA rats, and increased Bim expression. Further studies showed that EGCG could reduce the expression of P110δ and mTORC1 in vitro. EGCG inhibited B lymphocyte proliferation and induced B lymphocyte apoptosis. In conclusion, BAFF/BAFF receptor might regulate B cell anti-apoptosis through PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway. EGCG had therapeutic effects on CIA rats, which might be relative to the inhibition effects of EGCG on BAFF and PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling, and then the apoptosis of B lymphocytes was promoted further.

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Paeoniflorin, ≥98% (HPLC)