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European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V

Formulation of oryzalin (ORZ) liposomes: in vitro studies and in vivo fate.


PMID 22771930

Abstract

Oryzalin (ORZ) is a dinitroaniline that has attracted increasing interest for the treatment of leishmaniasis. The possible use of ORZ as an antiparasitic agent is limited by low water solubility associated with an in vivo rapid clearance. The aim of this work was to overcome these unfavorable pharmaceutical limitations potentiating ORZ antileishmanial activity allowing a future clinical use. This was attained by incorporating ORZ in appropriate liposomes that act simultaneously as drug solvent and carrier delivering ORZ to the sites of Leishmania infection. The developed ORZ liposomal formulations efficiently incorporated and stabilised ORZ increasing its concentration in aqueous suspensions at least 150 times without the need of toxic solvents. The incorporation of ORZ in liposomes reduced the in vitro haemolytic activity and cytotoxicity observed for the free drug, while ORZ exhibits a stable association with liposomes during the first 24h after parenteral administration, significantly reducing ORZ blood clearance and elimination from the body. Simultaneously, an increased ORZ delivery was observed in the main organs of leishmanial infection with a 9-13-fold higher accumulation as compared to the free ORZ. These results support the idea that ORZ performance was strongly improved by the incorporation in liposomes. Moreover, ORZ liposomal formulations can be administrated in vivo in aqueous suspensions without the need of toxic solvents. It is expected an improvement in the therapeutic activity of liposomal ORZ that will be tested in future work.

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