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Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry

Alteration of photosynthate partitioning by high-level expression of phosphoglucomutase in tobacco chloroplasts.


PMID 22785487

Abstract

Plastidial phosphoglucomutase (PGM) plays an important role in starch synthesis and degradation. Nonetheless, the impact of enhanced plastidial PGM activity on metabolism in photosynthetic tissue is yet to be elucidated. In this study, we generated transplastomic tobacco plants overproducing Arabidopsis thaliana plastidial PGM (AtptPGM) in chloroplasts and analyzed the consequent metabolic and physiological parameters in the transplastomic plants. AtptPGM accumulated in the chloroplasts to up to 16% of total soluble protein in the leaves. PGM activity in leaves increased 100-fold relative to that of wild-type plants. The transplastomic plants were phenotypically indistinguishable in their growth rates, photosynthetic activities, and starch synthesis from wild-type plants, but hexose partitioning in the light period was dramatically different. Furthermore, alteration of extracellular invertase activity was observed in the lower leaves of the transplastomic plants. These observations suggest that high-level expression of plastidial PGM alters hexose partitioning in light periods via modification of extracellular invertase activity.