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Regulatory peptides

Valsartan, a specific angiotensin II receptor blocker, inhibits pancreatic fluid secretion via vagal afferent pathway in conscious rats.


PMID 22796317

Abstract

The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) exists in the pancreas, but the role of RAS in the regulation of pancreatic exocrine secretion under physiological conditions has been little known. The present study addressed the RAS's effect on the pancreatic secretion by using valsartan, a specific angiotensin II receptor blocker, in conscious rats. Male Wistar rats prepared with pancreatic, biliary, duodenal and jugular vein cannulas were used. To examine the role of RAS in the pancreatic secretion, valsartan at 1, 5, or 25 mg/kg was administered into the duodenum via cannula, and volume of pancreatic juice and protein concentration were determined. In addition, to examine the role of RAS in hormone-stimulated pancreatic hypersecretion, pancreatic secretion was examined in response to stimulation of secretin or cholecystokinin after intraduodenal infusion of valsartan at 25 mg/kg. Furthermore, to examine the mechanism of action of RAS on pancreatic secretion, intravenous infusion of atropine or perivagal application of capsaicin was conducted and then the pancreatic secretion was examined following intraduodenal infusion of valsartan at 25 mg/kg. Volume of pancreatic juice, but not protein output, significantly decreased after administration of valsartan. However, administration of valsartan did not exert significant effects on secretin- or cholesystokinin-stimulated pancreatic secretion. Treatment with atropine and perivagal application of capsaicin completely abolished the suppressive effect of valsartan on pancreatic juice secretion. Present results suggest that RAS plays a stimulatory role in pancreatic juice secretion via cholinergic afferent pathway without affecting protein secretion and hormonally stimulated pancreatic secretion under physiological conditions.