Pediatric research

Aerosolized perfluorocarbon improves gas exchange and pulmonary mechanics in preterm lambs with severe respiratory distress syndrome.

PMID 22797142


Aerosolized perfluorocarbon (PFC) has been proposed as an alternative method of PFC administration; however, the efficacy of aerosolized PFC in a preterm animal model has not yet been demonstrated. Twelve preterm lambs were randomized to two groups: a perfluorodecalin (PFD) aerosol group (n = 6) receiving 10 ml/kg/h of PFD delivered by an intratracheal inhalation catheter followed by 4 h of mechanical ventilation (MV) or the control group, in which animals (n = 6) were managed for 6 h with MV. Gas exchange, pulmonary mechanics, cardiovascular parameters, and cerebral blood flow (CBF) were measured. Both groups developed hypoxia, hypercarbia, and acidosis at baseline. Aerosolized PFD improved oxygenation (P < 0.0001) and pulmonary mechanics (P < 0.0001) and changed carbon dioxide values to normal physiological levels, unlike the treatment given to the controls (P < 0.0003). The time course of mean arterial blood pressure and CBF were significantly affected by PFD aerosolization, especially during the first hour of life. CBF gradually decreased during the first hour in the PFD aerosol group and remained stable until the end of the follow-up, whereas CBF remained higher in the control group (P < 0.0028). Aerosolized PFD improves pulmonary function in preterm lambs and should be further investigated as an alternative mode of PFC administration.

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