Journal of enzyme inhibition and medicinal chemistry

1,2,4-thiadiazol-5(4H)-ones: a new class of selective inhibitors of Trypanosoma cruzi triosephosphate isomerase. Study of the mechanism of inhibition.

PMID 22803666


Triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) is a ubiquitous enzyme that has been targeted for the discovery of small molecular weight compounds with potential use against Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease. We have identified a new selective inhibitor chemotype of TIM from T. cruzi (TcTIM), 1,2,4-thiadiazol-5(4H)-one. Study the mechanism of TcTIM inhibition by a 1,2,4-thiadiazol derivative. We performed the biochemical characterization of the interaction of the 1,2,4-thiadiazol derivative with the wild-type and mutant TcTIMs, using DOSY-NMR and MS experiments. Studies of T. cruzi growth inhibition were additionally carried out. At low micromolar concentrations, the compound induces highly selective irreversible inactivation of TcTIM through non-covalent binding. Our studies indicate that it interferes with the association of the two monomers of the dimeric enzyme. We also show that it inhibits T. cruzi growth in culture.