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ACS nano

Superconductivity in films of Pb/PbSe core/shell nanocrystals.


PMID 22812917

Abstract

Superconductivity in films of electronically coupled colloidal lead nanocrystals is reported. The coupling between particles is in situ controlled through the conversion of the oxides present on the surface of the nanoparticles to chalcogenides. This transformation allows for a 10(9)-fold increase in the conductivity. The temperature of the onset of the superconductivity was found to depend upon the degree of coupling of the nanoparticles in the vicinity of the insulator-superconductor transition. The critical current density of the best sample of Pb/PbSe nanocrystals at zero magnetic field was determined to be 4 × 10(3) A/cm(2). In turn, the critical field of the sample shows 50-fold enhancement compared to bulk Pb.

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254231
Lead(II) selenide, 99.99%
PbSe