Die Pharmazie

Simultaneous determination of dextromethorphan and dextrophan in rat plasma by LC-MS/MS and its application to a pharmacokinetic study.

PMID 22822534


A highly selective and sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for quantitating dextromethorphan (DXM) and its metabolite dextrophan (DXO) in rat plasma using pirfenidone as an internal standard. Protein precipitation with acetonitrile was employed for the sample preparation. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a SB-C18 column at 25 degrees C, with a gradient elution programme of which acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid in water as mobile phase. The flow rate was 0.4 mL/min. Detection is carried out by multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) on a ion-trap LC-MS/MS system with an electrospray ionization interface. The assay is linear over the range 1-500 ng/mL for DXM and 1-250 ng/mL for DXO, with a lower limit of quantitation of 1 ng/mL for both. Intra- and inter-day precision of the assay were less than 9.80% and the accuracy were in the range 96.35-106.39%. The developed method was successfully applied to analyze the drug in samples of rat plasma for pharmacokinetic study.