Journal of colloid and interface science

Functionalization of electropolished titanium surfaces with silane-based self-assembled monolayers and their application in drug delivery.

PMID 22858398


This work reports a novel and reproducible route for the successful modification of the surface of titanium (Ti) with self-assembled monolayers (SAMs). By electropolishing the surface of Ti, suitable physical/chemical surface properties were obtained for adequate growth of OctadecylTrichloroSilane (OTS) based SAM. Optimum conditions to achieve a well-organized and densely packed OTS film were also determined by monitoring the effect of different parameters including time, concentration, and temperature for OTS adsorption. The optimum conditions for the formation of an OTS-SAM were found to be upon immersion of the electropolished Ti substrate in a 10mM OTS solution at 10°C for 24h. Furthermore, multiple growth regimes for the formation of OTS-SAM on electropolished Ti surface were observed. The kinetics for the self-assembly were fast at the beginning of OTS adsorption, but rapidly slowed down after 10h of immersion, i.e. during the densification process of the film at the surface of Ti. In addition, the growth behavior was found to be random as opposed to the island growth behavior usually observed with OTS at the surface of silica. The successful implementation of OTS-SAM was further investigated through the immobilization and delivery of a model drug and the OTS monolayer showed clear abilities in drug delivery with an initial burst release up to 5 days followed by a sustained release up to 26 days.