The Journal of biological chemistry

GATA2 is a critical transactivator for the human IL1RL1/ST2 promoter in mast cells/basophils: opposing roles for GATA2 and GATA1 in human IL1RL1/ST2 gene expression.

PMID 22865859


The IL1RL1/ST2 gene encodes a receptor for IL-33. Signaling from IL1RL1/ST2 induced by IL-33 binding was recently identified as a modulator of the Th2 response. The target cells for IL-33 are restricted in some hematopoietic lineages, including mast cells, basophils, eosinophils, Th2 cells, natural killer cells, and dendritic cells. To clarify the molecular mechanisms of cell type-specific IL1RL1/ST2 expression in mast cells and basophils, transcriptional regulation of the human IL1RL1/ST2 promoter was investigated using the mast cell line LAD2 and the basophilic cell line KU812. Reporter assays suggested that two GATA motifs just upstream of the transcription start site in the ST2 promoter are critical for transcriptional activity. These two GATA motifs possess the capacity to bind GATA1 and GATA2 in EMSA. ChIP assay showed that GATA2, but not GATA1, bound to the ST2 promoter in LAD2 cells and that histone H3 at the ST2 promoter was acetylated in LAD2 cells, whereas binding of GATA1 and GATA2 to the ST2 promoter was detected in KU812 cells. Knockdown of GATA2 mRNA by siRNA reduced ST2 mRNA levels in KU812 and LAD2 cells and ST2 protein levels in LAD2 cells; in contrast, GATA1 siRNA transfection up-regulated ST2 mRNA levels in KU812 cells. The ST2 promoter was transactivated by GATA2 and repressed by GATA1 in coexpression analysis. When these siRNAs were introduced into human peripheral blood basophils, GATA2 siRNA reduced ST2 mRNA, whereas GATA1 siRNA up-regulated ST2 mRNA. These results indicate that GATA2 and GATA1 positively and negatively control human ST2 gene transcription, respectively.