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Electrophoresis

Rapid and sensitive analysis of three polyphenols in tobacco by CE using homemade C(4)D with a mini detection cell.


PMID 22887165

Abstract

A rapid, sensitive, and practical CE with C(4) D detection was developed for the analysis of three polyphenols (rutin, scopoletin, and chlorogenic acid) in tobacco samples. The constructed mini detection cell (12 mm × 10 mm × 10 mm) of C(4) D featured with small inner cell volume (∼2 nL), smaller noise (<0.9 mV), repeatability, high strength and durableness. Three polyphenols were ultrasonically extracted with methanol-water (70:30, v/v) solution following SPE cleanup. The CE method was optimized with the running buffer of 150 mmol L(-1) 2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol (pH 11.2), and the applied separation voltage of +20 kV over a capillary of 50 μm id × 375 μm od × 50 cm (38 cm to the C(4) D window, 41.5 cm to the UV detector window), which gave a baseline separation of three polyphenols within ca. 6 min. The method provided the limits of quantification (S/N = 10) at about 0.08-0.15 μg g(-1) for three polyphenols, whereas the overall recoveries ranged from 82% to 88%. The proposed method has been successfully applied to measure three polyphenols in the actual tobacco samples, and their contents were calculated and evaluated.

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