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Organic & biomolecular chemistry

A highly efficient and aerobic protocol for the synthesis of N-heteroaryl substituted 9-arylcarbazolyl derivatives via a palladium-catalyzed ligand-free Suzuki reaction.


PMID 22890246

Abstract

A palladium-catalyzed aerobic and ligand-free Suzuki reaction in aqueous ethanol has been developed for the synthesis of N-heteroaryl substituted 9-arylcarbazolyl derivatives. A number of N-heteroaryl halides, namely 2-halogenated pyridines, 2-bromoquinoline, 5-bromopyrimidine and 2-chloropyrazine, were coupled with 4-(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenylboronic acid (CPBA) or 9-phenyl-9H-carbazol-3-ylboronic acid (PCBA) efficiently to afford good to excellent yields in a short reaction time. Moreover, the catalytic system of Pd(OAc)(2)-EtOH/H(2)O-K(2)CO(3) was successfully extended to the cross-couplings of N-heteroaryl halides with various arylboronic acids. The results demonstrated that the cross-coupling reaction in the present protocol was promoted by oxygen.

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