The journal of physiological sciences : JPS

Glyoxalase 1 and glyoxalase 2 activities in blood and neuronal tissue samples from experimental animal models of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

PMID 22893478


The glyoxalase enzymes catalyse the conversion of reactive glucose metabolites into non-toxic products as a part of the cellular defence system against glycation. This study investigated changes in glyoxalase 1 and glyoxalase 2 activities and the development of diabetic complications in experimental animal models of obesity (Zucker fa/fa rats) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (Goto-Kakizaki rats). In contrast to Zucker rats, in Goto-Kakizaki rats the glyoxalase 1 activities in brain, spinal cord and sciatic nerve tissues were significantly reduced by 10, 32 and 36 %, respectively. Lower glyoxalase 1 activity in the neuronal tissues was associated with a higher blood glucose concentration and impaired endothelium-dependent relaxation to acetylcholine in aortic rings in Goto-Kakizaki rats. This study provides evidence for disturbed neuronal glyoxalase 1 activity under conditions of hyperglycaemia in the presence of impaired endothelium-dependent relaxation and cognitive function.