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Psychopharmacology

Comparison of metabolic effects of ziprasidone versus olanzapine treatment in patients with first-episode schizophrenia.


PMID 22926006

Abstract

The objective of the study was to compare metabolic effects of ziprasidone versus olanzapine treatment in patients with first-episode schizophrenia. In this 6-week, multicenter, open-label trial, 260 patients were randomly assigned to receive ziprasidone or olanzapine treatment (130 per group). Primary metabolic measures were changes in weight and body mass index (BMI). Secondary metabolic measures were changes in glucose, insulin, lipids, and blood pressure. Efficacy and safety were also measured additionally. A total number of 230 patients completed the study. The mean daily dosages were 138.2(28.6) mg for ziprasidone and 19.0(2.3) mg for olanzapine. After 6-week treatment, there were significant between-group differences in change scores on weight [4.22(3.49) kg versus -0.84(2.04) kg, p < 0.001] and BMI [1.59(1.37) versus -0.30(0.74), p < 0.001]. In addition, there were significant between-group differences in change scores on fasting plasma glucose, insulin, homeostasis model assessment 2-insulin resistance, low-density lipoprotein, total cholesterol, and triglycerides (p < 0.001); all the changes were clinically in favor of ziprasidone treatment. Both medications were effective in improving schizophrenia symptoms, but the decreases in Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale total scores of the olanzapine group were significantly greater than that of the ziprasidone group (p < 0.05). Compared with olanzapine, ziprasidone also induced more prolonging of corrected QT interval and extrapyramidal side effects (p < 0.05). Both medications were well tolerated, and no serious adverse events were observed in either group. Compared with olanzapine, ziprasidone treatment was associated with less adverse effects on glucose and lipid metabolism in patients with first-episode schizophrenia.

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Z2777
Ziprasidone hydrochloride monohydrate, ≥98% (HPLC), solid
C21H21ClN4OS · HCl · H2O