Journal of colloid and interface science

Controllable synthesis and catalysis application of hierarchical PS/Au core-shell nanocomposites.

PMID 22939252


Polystyrene (PS)/gold (Au) core-shell nanocomposites with tunable size, high stability, and excellent catalytic activity have been synthesized by a facile method that combines the ionic self-assembly with the in situ reduction. The composition and stoichiometry, as well as its morphology and optical properties of these nanocomposites have been examined and verified by various characterization techniques. The size and the coverage of gold nanoparticles (NPs) can be simply tailored by changing the amount of 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (APTES), the functionalization time, the protonation time, and the amount of chloroauric acid (HAuCl(4)). The continuous red shifts of the localized surface plasmon resonance absorption of the Au NPs on the PS spheres are observed. Importantly, the obtained Au NPs with controllable and uniform size on the surfaces of amino-functionalized PS spheres exhibit excellent size-dependent catalytic properties for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) by NaBH(4).