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Pharmacogenetics and genomics

CYP2D6 genotype affects age-related decline in flecainide clearance: a population pharmacokinetic analysis.


PMID 22941032

Abstract

To investigate the association between age-related decline in flecainide clearance and CYP2D6 genotype, we conducted a population pharmacokinetic analysis of flecainide using routine therapeutic drug monitoring data. Population pharmacokinetic analysis was performed on retrospective data from 163 genotyped patients treated with oral flecainide for supraventricular tachyarrhythmias. The CYP2D6 genotype was categorized as CYP2D6 homozygous extensive metabolizers (hom-EMs; n=57), heterozygous extensive metabolizers (het-EMs; n=79), and intermediate metabolizers and poor metabolizers (IMs/PMs; n=27). Population pharmacokinetic analysis revealed that estimated glomerular filtration rate, body weight, female sex, and aging were important factors for estimating flecainide clearance. The metabolic clearance was decreased age dependently in a curvilinear fashion, where the lower clearance was observed in greater than 60 years for het-EMs and greater than 55 years for IMs/PMs. The reduction in metabolic clearance in elderly (70 years) patients compared with middle-aged (52 years) patients was different among the CYP2D6 genotype groups: 22.1 and 49.5% in CYP2D6 het-EMs and IMs/PMs, respectively, and no change in hom-EMs. A 11.4% reduction in estimated glomerular filtration rate in elderly patients compared with middle-aged patients corresponded to 6.1% decline in flecainide clearance. Overall, the age-related decline in flecainide clearance was 6.1% in hom-EMs, 16.3% in het-EMs, and 28.9% in IMs/PMs groups. This study suggests that CYP2D6 genotype is a determinant factor of age-related decline in flecainide clearance.

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