The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology

Reduced clearance of ε-acetamidocaproic acid in rats with acute renal failure induced by uranyl nitrate.

PMID 22943176


Anti-ulcer drugs are frequently used in patients with acute renal failure (ARF). Zinc acexamate is ionized to zinc and ε-acetamidocaproic acid and free EACA exerts a potent therapeutic effect in treating gastric or duodenal ulcers with few side effects. Thus, pharmacokinetic changes in rats with acute renal failure induced by uranyl nitrate (U-ARF rats) were investigated in this study. The in-vivo pharmacokinetics and in-vitro hepatic/intestinal metabolism of EACA were assessed using control and U-ARF rats. The mechanism of urinary excretion of EACA was further investigated in rats. After intravenous and oral administration of zinc acexamate to U-ARF rats, there were significant increases in the values of the area under the curve (AUC) and decreases in the values for time-averaged renal and nonrenal clearances (Cl(r) and Cl(nr) , respectively) compared with control rats. Slower Cl(nr) was partly due to a decrease in the metabolism in liver and/or intestine. Slower Cl(r) could have been due to urine flow rate-dependent timed-interval renal clearance, decrease in organic anion transporter-mediated renal excretion (drug interaction with probenecid and decrease in the relative contribution of net secretion compared with glomerular filtration in U-ARF rats) and/or impaired kidney function. The pharmacokinetics were significantly altered in U-ARF rats due to the changes in both the hepatic/intestinal metabolism and urinary excretion.