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Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy

Synthesis and properties of new luminescent hole transporting materials containing triphenylamine and carbazole units.


PMID 22958979

Abstract

Two new blue luminescent hole transporting materials (HTM) containing triphenylamine, carbazole units and olefinic linkers (TM1 and TM2) were synthesized via Wittig reaction and characterized by (1)H NMR, FT-IR, and HRMS. The compounds show good solubility in common organic solvents such as dichloromethane, chloroform, tetrahydrofuran and dimethyl formamide. Their optical, electrochemical and crystalline properties were investigated by using UV-Vis, photoluminescence (PL) spectra, cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), respectively. Quantum-chemical calculation was performed to obtain their optimized structures and the electron distribution of the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy levels. The UV-Vis absorption and PL spectra of the two compounds in solid state were found to be similar to that when they were in dilute THF, which suggests that these compounds remain as an amorphous state in solid films. CV measurements show that the two compounds embody suitable HOMO levels (in a range of -5.28 to -5.23 eV) for hole injection, which is consistent with the calculation consequence. Two compounds possess high glass-transition temperature (T(g)) at 96.61 and 90.74 °C for TM1 and TM2, respectively, suggesting the two compounds could form stable amorphous glassy states. The experimental results show that the synthesized compounds have great potential for application in organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs).