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Pharmaceutical development and technology

Zero-order release profile of metoclopramide hydrochloride sublingual tablet formulation.


PMID 22963706

Abstract

This report describes zero-order approximation for metoclopramide hydrochloride sublingual tablet formulation. Effects of type and concentration of excipients on release were investigated. Study revealed that highest rate of dissolution was attained with crosspovidone and decreased in the order crosspovidone > sodium starch glycolate > ac-di-sol. All formulations demonstrated flush release, except the one containing 10% crosspovidone where a lag time of 0.5 min. was depicted. Increasing the concentration of crosspovidone from 5 to 10% gave the same half-life, whereas kinetics of release changed to zero order. Differential scanning colorimetry and infrared spectroscopy did not reveal any sign of physical or chemical interaction between drug and crosspovidone. In order to study the alignment of polymeric network inside tablet matrix, scanning electron microscopy was performed on the tablet and its cross-section. Matrix with 10% crosspovidone showed higher density of interconnections extending to the interior of core enabling fast and constant release. Hence physicochemical characteristics of crosspovidone could be tailored by varying its concentration, in a way that provided a porous matrix with tight arrangement of polymeric chains, resembling to an assemblage of cylinders with constant apertures, from which zero-order release was approached.

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