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Talanta

Quantum dot-Eu3+ conjugate as a luminescence turn-on sensor for ultrasensitive detection of nucleoside triphosphates.


PMID 22967646

Abstract

We report a conjugate of thioglycolic acid (TGA) capped CdTe quantum dot and Eu(3+) ion (TGA-CdTe QD-Eu(3+)) that can be used as an ultrasensitive luminescence turn-on sensor for nucleoside triphosphates (NTPs). The TGA-CdTe QD-Eu(3+) conjugate is a weakly luminescent species as a result of the strong quenching effect of Eu(3+) ion on the luminescence of TGA-CdTe QDs. The conjugate's luminescence can be readily restored by its reaction with adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and other NTPs, and thus gives an ultrasensitive detection of NTPs, with a detection limit of 2 nM. The sensing mechanism has also been explored, and the effective quenching of TGA-CdTe QDs emission by Eu(3+) ions has been attributed to photoinduced electron transfer (PET). ATP, as the representative of NTPs, can remove Eu(3+) from the surface of TGA-CdTe QDs, leading to restoration of the TGA-CdTe QDs luminescence.