Journal of AOAC International

Determination of narasin and monensin in bovine, swine, and chicken tissues by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry: first action 2011.24.

PMID 22970563


The single-laboratory validation (SLV) of an LC-MS/MS method for determination and confirmation of two ionophores, narasin and monensin, in animal tissues is described. The data demonstrated linearity of matrix-matched calibration curves using a weighted (1/x) regression and selectivity of the method for narasin and monensin in the presence of lasalocid, salinomycin, maduramycin, nicarbazin, and sulfadiazine. Recoveries varied from 86.2 to 103.5% for narasin and 89.1 to 105.1% for monensin. Intertrial repeatability precision [relative standard deviation of repeatability (RSDr)] varied from 3.9 to 13.8% for narasin and 3.3 to 16.3% for monensin in fortified tissue. Precision of the method was verified in incurred tissues. The LOQ of the method was validated and ranged from 0.45 ng/g in milk, to 4.0 ng/g in chicken fat, but was 0.75 ng/g for most tissues. Two confirmatory ions for each analyte were examined across all matrixes, resulting in estimated false-negative rates of 0.00% (95% confidence interval of 0.00-0.68%) for monensin ions (540 samples) compared to the U.S. and European Union (EU) acceptance criteria. The confirmatory ions for narasin demonstrated 0.00% false-negative rates (95% confidence interval of 0.00-0.58%) when compared to either the U.S. or EU criteria in 630 samples. The method was robust when small changes in method parameters were made and stability of fortified tissues, extracts, and calibration solutions were estimated. The data satisfy the requirements of the AOAC Stakeholder Panel on Veterinary Drug Residue for SLV studies, and the method was adopted Official Methods of Analysis First Action 2011.24 by the AOAC Expert Review Panel on Veterinary Drug Residues.