Zhurnal evoliutsionnoi biokhimii i fiziologii

[Cardiac, respiratory, and motor activity in norm and after activation of catecholaminergic systems in newborn rat pups].

PMID 23013025


Study of parameters of the cardiac, respiratory, and motor activity (MA) was carried out on newborn rat pups for the first day after birth (P0) and at the 14th day of postnatal development (P14) after change of the level of activity of catecholaminergic systems. The animals were administered with L-DOPA (25-100 mg/kg) and the indirect adrenomimetic isoamine (3 and 10 mg/kg). Additionally there were studied effects of L-DOPA and isoamine after blockade of D1 and D2 dopamine receptors (antagonists SCH-23390 and sulpiride). The L-DOPA administration produced a dose-dependent MA enhancement with its possible transition into the uninterrupted activity. In P0 the release of monoamines was accompanied by development of weak bradycardia. There was noted a tendency for acceleration of respiration at administration of the low dose both of L-DOPA and of isoamine and for its retardation at high doses. In P14 the L-DOPA administration was accompanied by retardation of the heart rate (HR) by 8 % and by acceleration of respiratory rate by 26%. The isoamine administration produced an insignificant decrease of HR and an increase of respiratory rate (RR) by 8% at the low dose and by 21% at the high dose of the agent. At the blockade of D1 receptors, RR remained close to the background values, while at the blockade of D2 - decreased insignificantly. Blockade of D1 and D2 receptors did not cause significant HR changes. Analysis of the HR variability has shown that both after L-DOPA administration and at blockade of dopamine receptors no unidirectional reaction was observed: in 80 % of rat pups the portion of nerve mechanisms of HR regulation increased, while in the rest--of sympathetic and humoral factors at a decrease of parasympathetic effects. In all rat pups the isoamine administration was accompanied by a shift of the specter power into the higher frequency area; in 60% of animals there were enhanced sympathetic influences. In P14 in rat pups after administration both of L-DOPA and of isoamine, the symphathetic nervous influences were predominant. Thus, in P0 both at release of endogenous catecholamines and at their excessive concentration in rat pups there occurs a qualitative change of character of the catecholaminergic influences on functional activity of excitable structures, especially of those connected with regulation of respiration.

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