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Chemosphere

Simple in situ functionalizing magnetite nanoparticles by reactive blue-19 and their application to the effective removal of Pb2+ ions from water samples.


PMID 23021384

Abstract

An in situ method for direct attachment of reactive blue-19 onto the surface of magnetite nanoparticles to prepare an efficient adsorbent for removal of Pb(2+) ion from water samples was proposed. The produced modified magnetite nanoparticles (MMNP) were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and infrared spectroscopy. The synthesized MMNP showed high adsorption capacity to removal of Pb(2+) from wastewater samples. Lead ion adsorption process has been thoroughly studied from both kinetic and equilibrium points of view for adsorbent. The adsorption isotherms were analyzed using the five different isotherm models and correlation coefficients were determined for each isotherm. It was found that the Langmuir isotherm showed better correlation with the experimental data than other isotherms. The adsorption kinetics was tested for the pseudo-first order and pseudo-second order kinetic models at different experimental conditions. The kinetic data showed that the process is very fast and the adsorption process follows pseudo second order kinetic models for modified magnetite adsorbents. Thus, the new nanoparticles are favorable and useful for the removal of this metal ion, and the high adsorption capacity makes them good promising candidate materials for Pb(2+) ion removal from water samples.

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