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PloS one

Therapeutic effects of astragaloside IV on myocardial injuries: multi-target identification and network analysis.


PMID 23028693

Abstract

Astragaloside IV (AGS-IV) is a main active ingredient of Astragalus membranaceus Bunge, a medicinal herb used for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). In this work, we investigated the therapeutic mechanisms of AGS-IV at a network level by computer-assisted target identification with the in silico inverse docking program (INVDOCK). Targets included in the analysis covered all signaling pathways thought to be implicated in the therapeutic actions of all CVD drugs approved by US FDA. A total of 39 putative targets were identified. Three of these targets, calcineurin (CN), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), were experimentally validated at a molecular level. Protective effects of AGS-IV were also compared with the CN inhibitor cyclosporin A (CsA) in cultured cardiomyocytes exposed to adriamycin. Network analysis of protein-protein interactions (PPI) was carried out with reference to the therapeutic profiles of approved CVD drugs. The results suggested that the therapeutic effects of AGS-IV are based upon a combination of blocking calcium influx, vasodilation, anti-thrombosis, anti-oxidation, anti-inflammation and immune regulation.

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74777
Astragaloside IV, >98.0%
C41H68O14