International journal of pharmaceutics

Drug release modification by interpolymer interaction between countercharged types of Eudragit® RL 30D and FS 30D in double-layer films.

PMID 23041129


Interpolymer interactions between the countercharged methacrylate copolymers Eudragit(®) RL 30D (polycation) and Eudragit(®) FS 30D (polyanion), were investigated in conditions mimicking the gastrointestinal environment. The formation of inter-macromolecular ionic bonds between Eudragit(®) RL 30D and Eudragit(®) FS 30D was investigated using FT-IR spectroscopy and modulated DSC. The FT-IR spectra of the tested polymeric matrices are characterized by visible changes in the observed IR region indicating the interaction between chains of two oppositely charged copolymers. A new band at 1570 cm(-1) appeared which was assigned to the absorption of the carboxylate groups that form the ionic bonds with the quaternary ammonium groups. Moreover, while increasing the pH values from pH 5.8 to 7.4, a decrease of the intensity of the band at 960 cm(-1) (quaternary ammonium group vibration) was observed. All binary mixtures were characterized by the presence of only one and narrow Tg, pointing to sample homogeneity, because of the compatibility of components. As a result of electrostatic interaction between the copolymer chains during swelling, the resulting Tg is decreased significantly and was dependent on the quantity of copolymers present in the structure of polycomplexes formed. Overall, the interaction between countercharged copolymers during passage in gastrointestinal tract can strongly modify the release profile of the model drug diclofenac sodium.