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Chemistry & biodiversity

Studies on chemical-structure modification and structure-activity relationship of gambogic acid derivatives at carbon(34).


PMID 23081928

Abstract

Gambogic acid (GA), a natural product, was identified as a promising antitumor agent. To further explore the structure-activity relationship of GA and discover novel GA derivatives as antitumor agents, 19 novel GA derivatives modified at C(34) were synthesized and evaluated against A549, BGC-823, U251, HepG2, and MB-231 cancer cell lines by cellular assays. Among them, 15 compounds were found to be more potent than GA against some cancer cell lines. Notably, compound 3 possessed potent inhibitory activities against five cell lines with IC(50) values ranging between 0.24 and 1.09 μM. Compounds 9 and 18 were seven to eightfold more active than GA against A549 cell line. Chemical modification at C(34) of GA by introducing of hydrophilic aliphatic amines resulted in increased activity and improved drug-like properties. These findings will enhance our understanding of the SAR of GA and can lead to the discovery of novel GA derivatives as potential antitumor agents.

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G8171
Gambogic acid, ≥95% (HPLC), powder
C38H44O8