Drug metabolism and drug interactions

Evaluation of the effect of statin use on the acenocoumarol and phenprocoumon maintenance dose.

PMID 23096528


Statins and coumarins are prescribed in combination on a regular basis. Some case reports suggested that statins might affect the dose requirements of coumarins. The aim of the study was to investigate whether acenocoumarol and phenprocoumon maintenance doses are influenced by statin use. The Pre-EU-PACT database was used, which contains information on 471 acenocoumarol and 624 phenprocoumon users. The influence of individual statins on the acenocoumarol and phenprocoumon maintenance dose was investigated by comparing unadjusted and adjusted mean differences of the maintenance dose between statin and non-statin users. Lower adjusted acenocoumarol dose requirements were observed for patients using atorvastatin, simvastatin, pravastatin, and rosuvastatin. These patients had a reduction in adjusted mean acenocoumarol maintenance dose of 0.11, 0.29, 0.38, and 0.69 mg/day, respectively, compared with a mean adjusted dose of 2.60 mg/day for the patients not using a statin. There was no significant effect of statin use on unadjusted and adjusted phenprocoumon maintenance dose (p=0.23 and p=0.35, respectively). Mean acenocoumarol maintenance dosages were decreased when acenocoumarol is co-administered with the different statins. Statin use does not affect phenprocoumon maintenance doses significantly.

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Acenocoumarol, ≥98% (HPLC)