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Biochemical pharmacology

Inhibition of sodium-dependent L-leucine uptake in rat brain synaptosomes.


PMID 2310421

Abstract

Synaptosomes isolated from adult rat cerebral cortices were used for studying the uptake of L-leucine by the Na(+)-dependent route. Three non-metabolizable amino acid analogues, which had been used previously to discriminate the Na(+)-dependent A-type uptake system of animal cells, were employed in this study. It was found that Na(+)-dependent uptake of leucine was insensitive to inhibition by 2-aminoisobutyric acid (AIB) and N-methylaminoisobutyric acid (MeAIB) whereas N-methylalanine (NMA) was markedly inhibitory. Inhibition by NMA was stereospecific--only the L-isomer had a pronounced effect. Na(+)-dependent uptake of leucine as well as its inhibition by L-NMA were rather insensitive to changes in pH from 6 to 9. Kinetic analysis of inhibition by L-NMA of Na(+)-dependent uptake revealed a non-competitive type of inhibition with a Ki value of approximately 0.5 mM.

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