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Food chemistry

Dioscin: a synergistic tyrosinase inhibitor from the roots of Smilax china.


PMID 23107741

Abstract

In our study, we investigated the inhibition of mushroom tyrosinase in Smilax china. A methanol (MeOH) extract of S. china was partitioned into hexane, ethyl acetate (EtOAc) and water. Of the three fractions, EtOAc extract showed the strongest inhibition of tyrosinase activity with l-tyrosine or l-DOPA as a substrate. Two compounds were isolated from a final active fraction by activity-guided column chromatography. These compounds were identified as dioscin and oxyresveratrol by comparing their mass, (1)H- and (13)C-NMR spectral data with those reported in the literature. Dioscin showed little inhibition activity of tyrosinase, whereas oxyresveratrol, a known tyrosinase inhibitor, showed a strong tyrosinase inhibitory activity. We discovered that a mixture of oxyresveratrol and dioscin (IC(50)=5.1 and 5.7 μg/ml) highly increased the inhibition of tyrosinase activity with l-tyrosine or l-DOPA as the substrate as compared to either oxyresveratrol (IC(50)=7.8 and 10.9 μg/ml) or dioscin (IC(50)>100 and 100 μg/ml) alone.