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Food chemistry

Short-term comparative study of the influence of fried edible oils intake on the metabolism of essential fatty acids in obese individuals.


PMID 23122100

Abstract

The effect of breakfast intake of fried oils containing natural antioxidants or a synthetic autooxidation inhibitor on the metabolism of essential fatty acids focused on obese individuals. Serum levels of eicosanoids were compared in individuals before and after intake of different breakfasts. Univariate descriptive analysis was used to characterise the cohort selected for this study and multivariate analysis to reveal statistical differences of normalised eicosanoids concentrations (determined by solid-phase extraction coupled to LC-MS/MS) depending on the edible oil used for breakfast preparation. The results showed that the intake of breakfast prepared with pure sunflower oil subjected to deep frying causes an effect over the eicosanoids profile that enables discrimination versus the rest of individuals. The effect was a significant increase in the concentration of hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (HODE) metabolites, indicative markers of the intake of fried oils. The concentration of HODE metabolites was lower when the oil contained either natural antioxidants from olive-oil pomace or a synthetic autooxidation inhibitor as dimethylsiloxane. The comparison of the effect of fried sunflower oils with fried extra virgin olive oil shows the benefits associated to the consumption of the latter.