Food chemistry

Feasibility and application of an HPLC/UVD to determine dinotefuran and its shorter wavelength metabolites residues in melon with tandem mass confirmation.

PMID 23122160


A new analytical method was developed for dinotefuran and its metabolites, MNG, UF, and DN, in melon using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with an ultraviolet detector (UVD). Due to shorter wavelength, lower sensitivity to UV detection, and high water miscibility of some metabolites, QuEChERs acetate-buffered version was modified for extraction and purification. Mobile phases with different ion pairing or ionisation agents were tested in different reverse phase columns, and ammonium bicarbonate buffer was found as the best choice to increase the sensitivity of target analytes to the UV detector. After failure of dispersive SPE clean-up with primary secondary amine, different solid phase extraction cartridges (SPE) were used to check the protecting capability of analytes against matrix interference. Finally, samples were extracted with a simple and rapid method using acetonitrile and salts, and purified through C(18)SPE. The method was validated at two spiking levels (three replicates for each) in the matrix. Good recoveries were observed for all of the analytes and ranged between 70.6% and 93.5%, with relative standard deviations of less than 10%. Calibration curves were linear over the calibration ranges for all the analytes with r(2)≥ 0.998. Limits of detection ranged from 0.02 to 0.05 mg kg(-1), whereas limits of quantitation ranged from 0.06 to 0.16 mg kg(-1) for dinotefuran and its metabolites. The method was successfully applied to real samples, where dinotefuran and UF residues were found in the field-incurred melon samples. Residues were confirmed via LC-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) in positive-ion electrospray ionisation (ESI(+)) mode.

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Dinotefuran, PESTANAL®, analytical standard