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Circulation research

High-density lipoproteins inhibit vascular endothelial inflammation by increasing 3β-hydroxysteroid-Δ24 reductase expression and inducing heme oxygenase-1.


PMID 23123430

Abstract

Lipid-free apolipoprotein (apo) A-I and discoidal reconstituted high-density lipoproteins (rHDL) containing apoA-I, (A-I)rHDL, inhibit vascular inflammation by increasing 3β-hydroxysteroid-Δ24 reductase (DHCR24) expression. To determine whether the lipid-free apoA-I-mediated and (A-I)rHDL-mediated increase in DHCR24 expression induces the cytoprotective and potentially cardioprotective enzyme, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). In vivo: A single intravenous infusion of lipid-free apoA-I (8 mg/kg) administered 24 hours before inserting a nonocclusive periarterial carotid collar into New Zealand White rabbits decreased collar-induced endothelial vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression, reduced intima/media neutrophil infiltration, and increased DHCR24 and HO-1 mRNA levels. Knockdown of vascular DHCR24 and HO-1 and systemic administration of tin-protoporphyrin-IX, an HO inhibitor, abolished these anti-inflammatory effects. In vitro: Preincubation of human coronary artery endothelial cells with (A-I)rHDL before activation with tumor necrosis factor-α increased DHCR24 and HO-1 mRNA levels and inhibited cytokine-induced vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression. Transfection of the cells with DHCR24 and HO-1 small interfering RNA and tin-protoporphyrin-IX treatment abolished these effects. The (A-I)rHDL-mediated induction of HO-1 was reduced in human coronary artery endothelial cells transfected with DHCR24 small interfering RNA. Transfection of human coronary artery endothelial cells with HO-1 small interfering RNA and tin-protoporphyrin-IX treatment did not inhibit the (A-I)rHDL-mediated increase in DHCR24 expression. Inhibition of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt reduced the (A-I)rHDL-mediated increase in HO-1, but not DHCR24 expression. The activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt by (A-I)rHDL was decreased in human coronary artery endothelial cells that were transfected with DHCR24 small interfering RNA. Lipid-free apoA-I and (A-I)rHDL inhibit inflammation by increasing DHCR24 expression, which, in turn, activates phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt and induces HO-1.

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52419 Ene-Reductase, recombinant, expressed in E. coli, ≥1 U/mg